Your dog's vaccination needs depend on his lifestyle

Here’s what you need to know about vaccinations before your dog’s next veterinary visit for shots:
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Leptospirosis in dogs: Leptospirosis (also known as “rat fever”) is a bacterial disease that affects several systems including the kidneys and liver and is contagious to people. This disease can be fatal. Leptospirosis is prevalent in Southeastern Michigan with multiple reported cases each year, and therefore, is considered a core vaccine in this area. This vaccine will need to be given yearly and boostered if your dog is not current.
Vaccination decisions should always be made in consultation with a veterinarian so they can be tailored to meet a dog’s individual needs.
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Dogs and cats are just like humans — they need vaccinations to stay healthy and to keep potentially deadly diseases away. They also need boosters to keep the vaccines effective. Is there a basic timeline or vaccination schedule for puppies? What boosters do dogs need as they age?
Photo provided by FlickrSo, after their puppy shots, most dogs don’t need to be re-vaccinated ever, let alone year after year after year.
Photo provided by FlickrApr 16, 2015 - Senior dogs and cats may need some vaccinations in order to stay healthy
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Your new puppy definitely needs a series of vaccinations in the first year of life to protect him from many dangerous diseases as his doggy immune system develops. Different veterinarians recommend slightly different and vaccines according to the specific dog’s risk factors.Among pet caretakers few topics are more debated than that regarding the vaccination of dogs (and cats). How often do dogs need shots? Which shots are essential and which are overkill? Is the vaccination of dogs and cats even necessary? In years past, vaccinations for all sorts of diseases were recommended to be given annually ... year after year. That protocol was followed by veterinarians because they were told to do so by the vaccine manufacturers in order to ensure optimal immunity for as many pets as possible.Your adult dog may not need annual vaccinations and can instead have — tests that check a dog’s immunity levels — to determine exactly which vaccinations are needed. One exception is the rabies vaccine, which is regulated by law and may be required every one to three years, depending on where you live and the type of rabies vaccine the vet uses.In recent years, the vaccine manufacturers have been under some pressure to show data that truly demonstrates a need for annual vaccinations for dogs (and cats). Part of the drive for reconsideration of vaccine protocols has been coming from Holistic veterinary practitioners, many of whom believe that repeated vaccinations diminish the animal's immune resources and can actually create disorders such as degenerative joint diseases, immune mediated disorders such as Lupus, and can actually depress the animal's ability to ward off diseases "naturally". A few holistic veterinarians believe that all vaccines are harmful.4) One year from then, have your pet receive a booster vaccination for its core diseases. In dogs and cats with normal immune systems, there is no need to repeat them for at least 7 years. The problem is this: Most dogs will hold protective immunity longer than a year when given vaccines (but there are variables). So when a veterinarian sees a dog in practice and the owner asks "Does my dog need that Distemper or Parvo vaccine this year?" the veterinarian has no way of knowing what the dog's immune status is for those diseases (although there are vaccine titer blood tests available that can tell if the pet is still immune to the disease it was vaccinated for previously). You and the doctor can only guess.